Kawit Cavite, the birth place of the Philippine independence

June 12, is the Philippine Independence Day or Freedom Day. In Filipino, it is called, “Araw ng Kalayaan”. The entire nation celebrates one of the most important dates in the Philippine history - commemorating the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spanish colonization 120 years ago.

Emilio Aguinaldo Museum and Shrine, Freedom Park

Let's visit the spot where the Philippines’ freedom began.

The place where the first President of the Philippines was born is also the birthplace of the Philippine Independence. It is known as the Aguinaldo Mansion located in Kawit Cavite. It is the exact location where, for the first time, the Philippine flag was officially hoisted and the Philippine National March was played in public on June 12, 1898.

General Emilio Aguinaldo’s monument. Scriptures around the monument were written in both Tagalog (Filipino) & Spanish

By the virtue of the Republic Act No. 4039, the house was declared a national shrine, in 1964.

Currently, the Aguinaldo Mansion is under the care of the National Historical Commission. The mansion turned museum & national shrine, houses the 4 galleries of major collections from the past: (1) Aguinaldo's early year up to the Katipunan; (2) the Revolution and the Declaration of Independence; (3) the Road to the First Republic; and (4) Filipino - American War (source).

The facade of the Aguinaldo Mansion/Museum

Here's the quick look at Philippine history.

In 1521, Philippine was discovered by the European explorer, Ferdinand Magellan and claimed the island for Spain, however, he has been killed in the Battle of Mactan. In 1542, Spanish explorer Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, during his expedition named the 2 islands of Leyte and Samar,  "Las Islas Filipinas"  in honor of   King Phillip lI of Spain. Eventually, the name referred to cover the entire archipelago.

The Philippines has been a colony of Spain for more than 300 years and ended with the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution in 1898.

In 1962 President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation No. 28 declaring June 12 as the Independence Day holiday. Since then, June 12 has been the country's national day of celebrating freedom.

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Photos of the Freedom Park (featuring the President Emilio Aguinaldo Museum and Shrine)
Photos by Mr. David Kim

General Emilio Aguinaldo's tomb

A diorama of war inside the museum

Inside of the museum showing the collection of the national heroes portraits of the Philippine

The entrance of the Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine

The photo showing the 'Pamana ni Pangulong Emilio Aguinaldo' translated as  'the Legacy of the President Emilio Aguinaldo'

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